One of the most prime keys to a healthy lifestyle is the ideal weight. Being overweight may lead to many health issues that may have a serious effect on daily activities. When people try to attain ideal weight with the help of dieting and exercise but fail, the role of weight loss surgery comes into play. Weight loss surgery is also known as bariatric surgery.
Bariatric surgery is the common term used collectively for various weight-loss surgeries. These surgeries make some changes to your digestive system to help you lose weight. Some procedures work by limiting how much you can eat and other activities by reducing the body's ability to absorb nutrients. Some methods do both. Most surgeons prefer gastric bypass due to less complications than other weight-loss surgeries do.
Some of the indications where your doctor may suggest you go for bariatric surgery are:
Once you have been qualified for the surgery, take the time to plan and prepare for surgery. Making a lifestyle change is an essential component of the surgery as it will help you even after the procedure. Talk to your doctor and dietician for a preoperative diet that will help in reducing the size of your liver. The diet will be high in protein and low in carbohydrates, leading your body to use your excess fat as energy.
Some other changes include:
On average, patients spend 2-5 days in the hospital following bariatric surgery or maybe longer in case of complications. Patients who underwent laparoscopic bariatric surgery usually have a shorter stay in the hospital. Once you are shifted to the room, you will be closely monitored by the doctor and nurses. Generally, you won't be allowed to eat for 1-2 days so that your digestive system and stomach can heal. You may experience nausea, vomiting, excessive fatigue, pain, etc. For these problems, you may be given medications. If something else is bothering you, please consult the doctor. You will be discharged once your doctor feels you are stable.
Your doctor and physiotherapist must have given you home care advice and taught you exercises to practice at home. You'll have to follow a specific diet routine for a few weeks. The diet initially with liquids only, then progress to pureed, soft foods, and eventually to regular foods. You may have to follow many restrictions on what and how much to eat. You'll also have frequent follow-up and medical check-ups to monitor your health in the first few months after weight-loss surgery. Usually, most patients return to their usual activities 3-5 weeks after surgery. However, it may also depend on your physical condition before your surgery and the complexity of your operation.
Bariatric surgeries can provide long-term weight loss. However, the weight you lose depends on the type of surgery you have undergone and your lifestyle changes. Apart from weight loss, gastric bypass surgery may resolve or improve conditions often related to being overweight, including:
Behavior changes and lifestyle changes are the significant factors on which the success of bariatric surgery depends. The patient should rigorously follow the diet plan and lifestyle modification suggested by their doctor.
Post-surgery, you may have to follow certain guidelines throughout life and adapt to specific lifestyle changes. It is always preferable to prepare your meals at home and carry them along to avoid consuming unhealthy food.
Below are some of the guidelines you will have to follow lifelong after the procedure.
Avoid exercising immediately after surgery. Simple activities like simple yoga, stretching, deep breathing exercises are recommended.