What are the symptoms of acute liver failure?
- Yellowing of the eyes and skin
- Pain in your upper right abdomen
- Swelling in the abdominal
- Nausea and vomiting
- Feeling of being unwell (malaise)
What causes acute liver failure?
Acute liver failure occurs when the cells of the liver are damaged significantly and are unable to function. Potential causes include:
- Medicine overdose: Taking excessive medicine without the doctor’s approval may lead to liver issues. Consulting your doctor about this and taking treatment for an overdose may prevent liver failure.
- Effect of prescribed medications: Some medications, like antibiotics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and anticonvulsants, can cause acute liver failure.
- Herbal supplements: The use of certain herbal drugs have been linked with acute liver failure.
- Toxins: Toxins such as carbon tetrachloride (found in the refrigerator, solvents of varnishes, etc.) can cause acute liver failure.
- Autoimmune disease: Liver failure can occur as a result of autoimmune hepatitis. It is a disease where your immune system attacks liver cells, leading to injury and inflammation.
- Hepatitis and other viruses: Hepatitis A, B, and E, and other viruses like herpes simplex virus, Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus can cause acute liver failure.
- Vascular disease: Vascular diseases like Budd-Chiari syndrome may cause blockages in the veins of the liver leading to acute liver failure.
- Metabolic disease: Some rare metabolic diseases like Wilson's disease and acute fatty liver of pregnancy infrequently result in acute liver failure.
- Cancer: Cancer which either originates in or spreads to the liver can cause the liver to fail.
- Shock: Sepsis and shock can severely impair the liver blood flow, causing liver failure.
- Heatstroke: Indulging in extreme physical activity in a hot environment may trigger acute liver failure.