Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which attacks and weakens the body's immune system. In AIDS-related lymphoma, cancer cells form in the lymphatic system of patients who have AIDS. The lymphatic system helps the body get rid of toxins, waste, and other unwanted materials. It is estimated that 25%-40% of patients suffering from HIV infection will develop a malignancy at any stage of life. Up to 85% of AIDS-related lymphomas are highly aggressive in nature.
Patient suffering from AIDS related lymphoma when visiting the doctor with symptoms, he will do a physical check-up to identify the problem.
Based on the observations from the physical examination, he will suggest some tests that will help confirm the diagnosis.
After confirmation of AIDS related lymphoma, your doctor may ask you to go for additional tests to determine the spread of the tumor to the lymph nodes or other areas of your body. These tests also help in determining the grade of AIDS related lymphoma. These tests may include:
Treatment of AIDS related Lymphoma depends on many factors like the stage of the disease, the patient's age, and his overall health. A combination of various treatments such as radiation therapy, target therapy, and chemotherapy are planned for patients which are best suited for them.
To keep a check on AIDS related Lymphoma, it is advisable to be vigilant with the follow-up protocol. In case of any problem you experience, inform your doctor immediately. The doctor will do a physical examination and recommend you to go for tests to learn as much as possible about the recurrence. After this testing is done, your doctor may plan the best treatment option available that might include previous treatment as well.