The gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ, and it stores bile (a fluid made by the liver that helps digest fat). The gallbladder releases bile through a common bile duct tube, and these ducts connect the gallbladder and liver to the small intestine. Overtime, you may experience some health concerns related to the gallbladder that may require conservative or surgical interventions.
A cholecystectomy is the surgical removal of your gallbladder. There are two types of gall bladder surgery:
A cholecystectomy is considered for a patient who suffers from the below-mentioned problems:
Gallbladder problems may lead to pain which may be of the following types:
Other symptoms may include:
Some of the possible complications of a cholecystectomy may include:
Once you present with symptoms, your doctor will take your medical history and do a physical exam to assess your health status. Various health parameters like the age and weight of the patient, any past surgeries, allergies to any medicines, personal history, and family history of heart attacks will be noted. The doctor may advise some tests, such as blood investigations, before the surgery. If you have diabetes, you should ask your doctor; if you can continue taking insulin before the procedure. You will be advised to avoid alcohol and smoking, restrict drinking or eating anything after midnight or one night before the surgery. Tell your gastroenterologist if you are on any blood-thinning medicines like aspirin or other medications which affect blood clotting. You may be advised to stop taking these medicines before the procedure. Please, follow all the instructions your doctor gives you to get ready.
The type of cholecystectomy done may vary depending on your condition. You will be taken to the operation room, and an intravenous (IV) line will be put in your arm or hand, and the anesthesia will be started. Your vitals like heart rate, blood pressure, breathing, and blood oxygen level will be checked during the surgery.
After completion of the procedure, the gallbladder is sent to a lab for testing. The incisions will be closed with surgical staples or stitches. A sterile dressing or adhesive strips will be used to cover the wounds.
If you experience any of the below-mentioned health concerns, please consult your doctor:
A cholecystectomy helps in relieving the pain and discomfort of gallstones. Conservative treatments methods like dietary modifications generally can't stop the recurrence of the gallstones. In most cases, undergoing cholecystectomy will prevent gallstones from coming back. Most patients won't experience digestive problems after the surgery as the gallbladder isn't essential to healthy digestion. Although, some patients may experience occasional loose stool after the surgery, which generally resolves over time. If you face some issues with your bowel habits, please discuss them with your doctor, and he will help you deal with them.
By making some lifestyle modifications, you can lower the risk of gallbladder problems.