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Uterus Cancer

Uterus cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the uterus. The uterus is a hollow organ in females located in the pelvis where fetal development occurs. Uterus cancer is also called endometrial cancer that occurs in the layer of cells that form the lining (endometrium) of the uterus. Endometrial cancer is a common type of uterus cancer; uterine sarcoma is another type.

You can detect uterine cancer at an early stage because it frequently produces abnormal vaginal bleeding. If uterine cancer is discovered early, then it requires surgery by removing the uterus.

Consult your doctor if you experience any of the symptoms for an effective treatment.

Symptoms

Symptoms of endometrial cancer are:

  • Vaginal bleeding after menopause
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Pelvic pain

Risk factors

  • Changes in the balance of female hormones in the body: If the level of estrogen rises in your body but not the progesterone level, this may increase your risk of endometrial cancer.
  • If you had more years of menstruation, then the more exposure your endometrium has had to estrogen.
  • If you've never been pregnant, you are at a considerable risk of endometrial cancer than someone who has had at least one pregnancy.
  • Your risk of endometrial cancer increases as you get older.
  • Obesity increases your risk of endometrial cancer.
  • If you are taking hormone therapy drug tamoxifen for breast cancer, it increases the risk of developing endometrial cancer.
  • An inherited colon cancer syndrome(Lynch syndrome)

Diagnosis

The doctor may suggest some tests and procedures that diagnose uterus cancer,

which include:

  •  The doctor will carefully inspect the outer portion of your genitals (vulva), and insert gloved fingers of one hand into your vagina. The doctor will simultaneously press the other hand on your abdomen to feel your uterus and ovaries. The doctor will also insert a device called a speculum into your vagina to view your vagina and cervix for abnormalities.
  • Using sound waves to create a picture of your uterus: The doctor may recommend a transvaginal ultrasound to view the endometrium's thickness and texture and help rule out other conditions. A transducer is inserted inside the vagina to create a video image of your uterus.
  • Using a scope to examine your endometrium: The doctor will insert a thin, flexible, lighted tube (hysteroscope) through your vagina and cervix into your uterus to examine the inside of your womb and the endometrium.
  • Biopsy: The doctor will perform an endometrial biopsy to remove tissue from your uterine lining for laboratory analysis.
  • Surgery: If the biopsy results are not conclusive, then you likely need to undergo a procedure called dilation and curettage (D&C). Some tissue will be scraped from the lining of your uterus and examined under a microscope for cancer cells.

Treatment

If the doctor finds that you have endometrial cancer, you'll likely be referred to a gynecologic oncologist, who specializes in treating cancers involving the female reproductive system.

Following are the treatments for lung cancer:

  • Surgery for Uterine Cancer: The surgeon will remove the uterus (hysterectomy) and remove the fallopian tubes and ovaries (salpingo-oophorectomy). If you want to get pregnant in the future, hysterectomy makes it impossible for you.
  • Radiation treatments: A powerful beam of energy, such as X-rays and protons, is used to target and eliminate cancerous cells after surgery. To shrink a tumor and make it easier to remove, radiation therapy may also be recommended before surgery.
  • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is implemented to kill cancer cells and limit the growth of cancer cells. The doctor may suggest you go for chemotherapy for treating advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer that has spread beyond the uterus. You may be prescribed one chemotherapy drug or two or more drugs can be used in combination.
  • Targeted Therapy: These drugs mainly affect cancer cells focus on specific weaknesses present within cancer cells. Targeted drug treatments block these weaknesses and cause cancer cells to die.
  • Immunotherapy: In immunotherapy, drug treatment helps your immune system to fight cancer. Immunotherapy works for people if the cancer is advanced and other treatments haven't helped.
  • Hormone therapy: The doctor may suggest hormone therapy if you have advanced endometrial cancer that has spread beyond the uterus. Hormones levels in the body are lowered by taking medications. Cancer cell which relies on hormones to help them grow might die.

Prevention

If you want to lower your risk of endometrial cancer, you should:

  • Consult your doctor about the dangers of hormone therapy after menopause.
  • Consider taking birth control pills. This may reduce endometrial cancer risk.

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