A Cholecystectomy is a surgical procedure that is operated to remove the gallbladder. The gall bladder is an organ that sits just below your liver on the upper right side of your abdomen. It functions as collecting and storing bile- a digestive fluid produced in your liver.
The surgery is a standard one and entails a minimal risk of surgical complications. The gallbladder is removed through 4 incisions (each one inch or less in length) in your abdomen by using a laparoscope (an instrument used to inspect the inside of your body). In most cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, you can go home the same day of your surgery.
Schedule an appointment with your doctor if you suffer from the following symptoms and complications.
Need for Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is extensively performed to treat gallstones and the complications they cause.
Following are the Symptoms of gall bladder problem:
Intense pain in your abdomen,
Nausea and vomiting,
Yellowish skin – Jaundice if gallstones block your bile duct.
Diagnosing the Gall Bladder Problem
The doctor will order you to go for a test called an ultrasound. The test will reveal the image of the inside of the body using sound waves. You are conscious during the test, and it does not hurt.
You may also have a CT scan, or a test called a HIDA scan. The HIDA scan is implemented by inserting an injection of dye to show how well your gallbladder and bile duct are working.
What Happens During the Procedure?
During a laparoscopic cholecystectomy, the surgeon will make four small incisions in your abdomen.
A laparoscope is a small, thin tube with a tiny video camera that is put into your body through a little cut.
With the help of a television screen, your surgeon can subsequently see your gallbladder. The surgeon performs the surgery with the aid of the tools inserted in three other small cuts made in the right upper part of your abdomen and then remove your gallbladder.
The doctor will conduct an imaging test, such as an X-ray or ultrasound to check for any sign of possible gallstones or other problems in your bile duct. Next, your incisions are sutured.
A laparoscopic cholecystectomy routinely takes one or two hours.
After the Procedure
People can go home the same day after the surgery.
Sometimes a one-night stay at the hospital is needed.
Inquire your doctor about your diet and exercise.
It usually takes about a week to recover completely.
Benefits of laparoscopic cholecystectomy
After laparoscopic cholecystectomy, you may:
Return to work sooner,
undergo less pain after surgery, and
have a shorter hospital stay and
shorter recovery time
plus, a laparoscope does not require that the muscles of your abdomen be cut as they are in open surgery
Complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy
Complications may include:
Injury to the duct (tube) that carries bile from your gallbladder to your duodenum (small intestine). Damage to the intestines or major blood vessels while the instruments are inserted into the abdomen.