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Home » Treatment » Knee Replacement Surgery

Knee Replacement Surgery

Knee replacement is one of the most commonly performed orthopaedic procedures that involves the replacement of a damaged or diseased knee joint with an artificially created prosthetic joint so as to relieve pain and other symptoms and improve the quality of the patient’s life. As per an article published by BioSpectrum India in January 2019, around 1,20,000 knee replacement procedures are carried out in India annually and these include both partial and total knee replacements. The former involves the replacement of only the affected component of the knee joint while the unaffected part is left completely intact, whereas, in case of the later, all the components of the joint are replaced

Major indications of Knee Replacement

Knee replacement is usually recommended to patients whose joints have been damaged beyond repair and who do not respond to any other treatment or therapy. Such problems can be very painful and drastically impact the quality of your life by making you dependent upon others and preventing you from carrying out your day to day activities. The major indications that may call for the need of a knee replacement include the following:

  • Degenerative joint disease like osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis
  • Post-traumatic degenerative joint disease
  • Chronic joint damage due to regular wear and tear
  • Severe joint injury sustained in an accident
  • Chronic knee inflammation that is nor responding to any other treatment

How to prepare for the procedure?

Here are a few things that need to be done prior to your knee replacement to alleviate the risks of unwanted complications and speed up the process of recovery:

  • Prepare yourself for the procedure mentally. Talk to your doctor and ask questions without hesitation.
  • Try to get in better shape by losing those extra pounds. Our knees bear the weight of our body. Excess body weight post-surgery is going to put extra strain on the prosthetic joint and lead to unnecessary wear and tear.
  • Get all the tests and screenings done. These help the doctors to personalise a proper treatment plan for you.
  • Inform your doctor if you are on any medication and make sure that he/she is familiar with your medical history

How is the procedure performed?

The procedure is performed under the influence of anaesthesia such that the patient does not feel any pain or discomfort. The procedure is then carried out in a number of steps

Step 1 – The surgeons clean your knee and surrounding area and then make an incision to gain access to the kneecap. Traditional knee replacement is done by making an 8 to10-inch-long incision whereas a minimally invasive procedure is carried out by making a 4 to6-inch-long incision.

Step 2 – The kneecap is then rotated outside the knee area to expose the affected joint. The affected joint or its components are then removed very carefully along with any fragments of the degenerated cartilage present in the area.

Step 3 – The prosthetic components are then fixed in position with the help of medicated bone cement.

Step 4 – The kneecap is ten adjusted back to its normal position. An additional plastic component may be used to ensure that the prosthetic joint fits properly.

Step 5 – The doctor will gently bend and move your knee to check the alignment and positioning of the new joint. After making sure that everything is fine, he/she will close the incision with stitches or staples and cover it up properly.

What follows after the procedure?

Following the surgery, the patient is kept under keen observation until he/she gains consciousness. The patient is required to stay in the hospital for 3 to 4 days or as recommended by the doctor. Some medicines will be prescribed to cope up with the post-surgical pain and discomfort. This lasts only for a few days. Physiotherapy is started soon after so as to speed up the healing process and enhance the range of motion. The patient is also given a set of guidelines which are to be followed religiously:

  • Avoid lifting heavy objects
  • Avoid indulging in rigorous activities
  • Perform mild intensity exercises and increase the pace gradually
  • Walk for at least 10 to 15 minutes, 3 times a day
  • Take care of your diet
  • Do not miss your follow-ups

What are the benefits of Knee Replacement?

The benefits of knee replacement surgery are as follows:

  • Improved quality of life
  • Long term relief from pain
  • Better range of motion
  • Enhanced mobility
  • Relieved inflammation and swelling

Are there any risks involved?

Just like any other medical procedure, there are certain risks involved in knee replacement surgery as well. These include:

  • Drainage from the surgical site
  • Increased tenderness
  • Clotting in the leg veins
  • Nerve damage

Our Doctors

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Dr. Ashish Dewan

Consultant - Orthopedic Surgeon
IBS : Institute of Brain and Spine Hospitals

He has More than 20 + Years of experience

Dr. Ashish Dewan is a well known Orthopedic Surgeon and Joint Replacement Specialist renowned nationally & internationally for his contributions to teaching,..
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IBS : Institute of Brain and Spine Hospitals, Delhi

1000 Consultation fee

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73 Ring Road, Lajpat Nagar New Delhi - 110024, India

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Dr. Ashish Dewan

Consultant - Orthopedic Surgeon,

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73 Ring Road, Lajpat Nagar New Delhi - 110024, India

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Shanti Mukand Hospital

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Shanti Mukand Hospital, Delhi

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Dr. Vivek Kumar Aggarwal

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Shanti Mukand Hospital

Dr. Vivek Kumar Aggarwal practices as a Consultant -Orthopedic Surgeon at  Shanti Mukund Hospital, Delhi ..
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Shanti Mukand Hospital, Delhi

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Dr. (Prof.) Ravi Sauhta

HOD - Orthopaedics & Joint Replacement
Artemis Hospital

He has an experience of 30 years in these fields.

Dr. (Prof.) Ravi Sauhta is orthopedic surgery, with a special interest in Pelvic-Acetabular Surgery, Adult Joint Reconstruction, and Revisions joint  ..
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Artemis Hospital, Gurugram

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Dr. (Prof.) Ravi Sauhta

HOD - Orthopaedics & Joint Replacement,

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Dr. A K MUKHERJEE

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Indian Spinal Injuries Centre Delhi

DR. A.k Mukher Jee  practices as a Consultant - Orthopaedic at Indian Spinal Injuries Centre  ..
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Indian Spinal Injuries Centre Delhi, Delhi

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Consultant -Orthopaedics
Nanavati Hospital

35 years of Experience

Dr. A R Karkhanis practices as a Consultant - Orthopaedic at Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital. ..
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Dr. Abhishek A. Karadkar

Consultant -Orthopaedics
Nanavati Hospital

10 Years of experience

Dr. Abhishek A. Karadkar practices as a Consultant - Spine Surgeon (Minimally invasive & Endoscopy specialist) at Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital ..
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Nanavati Hospital, Mumbai

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Eternal Hospital

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Eternal Hospital, Jaipur

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