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IVF

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a type of assistive reproductive technology (ART) used to help with fertility or prevent genetic problems and assist with the conception of a child. During IVF, eggs from woman's ovaries are retrieved and fertilized with sperm. This fertilized egg is identified as an embryo. Next, the embryo or embryos could be frozen for storage or transferred to a woman's uterus. One full cycle of IVF usually takes about three weeks.

The procedure can be carried out using:

  • Your eggs and your partner's sperm
  • your eggs and donor sperm
  • donor eggs and your partner's sperm
  • donor eggs and donor sperm
  • donated embryos

Schedule your visit to a fertility doctor and specialists to understand how IVF works, the potential risks, and whether it is satisfactory for you.

Need For IVF

IVF is a treatment that helps people with infertility that wants to have a baby. It is expensive and invasive, so generally, couples try other fertility treatments first. IVF is also the choice for option for infertility in women over age 40. In addition, if you have certain pre-existing health conditions, IVF is an excellent option to go for.

For example, IVF may remain an option if you or your partner has:

  • Fallopian tube damage or blockage.
  • Ovulation disorders.
  • Endometriosis.
  • Uterine fibroids.
  • Previous tubal sterilization or removal.
  • Impaired sperm production or function.
  • Unexplained infertility.
  • There is a risk of passing a genetic disorder to a child
  • Cancer or other health conditions and you want to preserve the fertility
  • Reduced ovarian function
  • Male Infertility
  • Don't have a functional uterus
  • Pregnancy poses a severe health risk for women

How to Prepare for In Vitro Fertilization?

At the beginning of IVF, women will first undergo ovarian reserve testing. The doctor will collect a blood sample and test it for the level of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). The results of this test will determine the size and quality of your eggs.

After examining your ultrasound, the doctor may also insert a scope through your vagina and into your uterus. These tests will reveal the health of your uterus and assist the doctor in determining the best way to implant the embryos.

Men will also have to undergo sperm testing. The sperm will be analyzed in the lab for the number, size, and shape of the sperm.

However, many decisions will have to be taken while choosing to have IVF. There are various factors to consider.

  • You will have to decide about any unused embryos
  • You will choose how many embryos do you wish to transfer? As more embryos are transferred, there is a higher risk of multiple pregnancies.
  • You should also be prepared about the possibility of having twins, triplets, or a higher-order multiple pregnancy.
  • Be prepared about the financial, physical, and emotional stresses associated with IVF

How Is In Vitro Fertilization Performed?

There are five steps involved in IVF:

  1. stimulation
  2. egg retrieval
  3. insemination
  4. embryo culture
  5. transfer

Stimulation

Multiple eggs increase the chances of developing a viable embryo. Normally, a woman produces one egg during each menstrual cycle. To double the number of eggs to be used in IVF, you'll receive fertility drugs. The doctors will periodically perform routine blood tests and ultrasounds to monitor the production of eggs and to allow your doctor to know when to retrieve them.

Egg Retrieval

Egg retrieval is called follicular aspiration. This is a surgical procedure performed with anesthesia. The doctor will use an ultrasound wand to lead a needle through your vagina into your ovary, and into an egg-containing follicle. The needle will be plied to suction eggs and fluid out of each follicle.

Insemination

Using the male partner semen, a technician will mix the sperm with the eggs in a petri dish to produce embryos.

Embryo Culture

The fertilized eggs will directly be monitored to ensure that they're dividing and developing. The embryos also undergo testing for genetic conditions at this time.

Transfer

When the doctors think that the embryos are big enough to be implanted, they are inserted using a thin tube called a catheter into your vagina, past your cervix, and into your uterus. This procedure generally occurs in three to five days after fertilization. The embryo is then released into the uterus.

Pregnancy begins when the embryo implants itself in the uterine wall. This usually takes 6 to 10 days. A blood test is conducted to determine if you are pregnant.

Complications Associated with In Vitro Fertilization

As with any medical procedure, there are certain risks associated with IVF. These Complications include:

  • multiple pregnancies, which can increase the risk of low birth weight and premature birth
  • miscarriage (pregnancy loss)
  • ectopic pregnancy (when the eggs are implanted outside the uterus)
  • ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) (a rare condition constituting an excess of fluid in the abdomen and chest)
  • infection, bleeding, or damage to the bowels or bladder (rare)

After the procedure

The women can resume their daily activities after the embryo transfer. As the ovaries are still enlarged, you may be advised by the doctor to prevent any vigorous exercise.

Typical side effects include:

  • As the embryo is transferred by swabbing of the cervix, you could pass a slight amount of clear or bloody fluid shortly after the procedure
  • Breast tenderness due to high estrogen levels
  • Mild bloating
  • Mild cramping
  • Constipation

Contact your doctor if you develop moderate or severe pain after the embryo transfer. The doctor will examine you of any complications, such as bleeding, infection, twisting of an ovary (ovarian torsion), and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.

Results

Usually, after 12 days to two weeks after egg retrieval, the doctor will analyze a sample of your blood to detect whether you're pregnant. The doctor will refer you to an obstetrician or other pregnancy specialist for prenatal care if you are pregnant.

However, if you're not pregnant, you will be asked to stop consuming progesterone, and you will likely get your period within a week.

If you still want to take another chance at another cycle of in vitro fertilization (IVF), your doctor might suggest steps you can take to improve your chances of getting pregnant through IVF.

Our Doctors

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Dr. Aanchal Agarwal

Sr. Consultant - IVF & Infertility Treatment
BLK Super Speciality Hospital

Dr. Aanchal Agarwal is a leading name when it comes to speciality in IVF & infertility treatment in India. She has been widely acknowledged for her versatile and..
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BLK Super Speciality Hospital, Delhi

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BLK Super Speciality Hospital Pusa Road, New Delhi-110005

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Dr. Aanchal Agarwal

Sr. Consultant - IVF & Infertility Treatment,

BLK Super Speciality Hospital Pusa Road, New Delhi-110005

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Dr. Anshika Lekhi

Consultant
W Pratiksha Hospital

13+ Years of Experience

Dr. Anshika Lekhi practices as a Consultant - IVF Specialist at W Pratiksha Hospital Gurgaon ..
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W Pratiksha Hospital, Gurugram

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Dr. Anshika Lekhi

Consultant,

13+ Years of Experience

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Dr. BHAVNA BANGA

Associate Director
Max Super Speciality Hospital,Saket

She has an experience of 10 years in these fields.

Dr. Bhavna Banga is an internationally trained dedicated fertility & IVF expert ..
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Max Super Speciality Hospital,Saket, New Delhi

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Dr. BHAVNA BANGA

Associate Director,

She has an experience of 10 years in these fields.

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Dr. Divya Sardana

Senior Consultant
W Pratiksha Hospital

She has 17+ Years of Experience

Dr. Divya is a Senior Consultant in the Department of Infertility and IVF at W Pratiksha Hospital Noida ..
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W Pratiksha Hospital, Gurugram

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Golf Course Extension Road, Sector 56, Sushant Lok II, Gurgaon, Haryana 122011

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Dr. Divya Sardana

Senior Consultant,

She has 17+ Years of Experience

Golf Course Extension Road, Sector 56, Sushant Lok II, Gurgaon, Haryana 122011

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Dr. Gunjan Kumari

Consultant
Max Super Speciality Hospital, Vaishali

6 years of experience

Dr. Gunjan Kumar practices as a Consultant -Obstetrics &Gynaecology at Max Super Speciality Hospital Vaishali ..
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Dr. Gunjan Kumari

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Dr. Hrishikesh D Pai

Director
Fortis Memorial Research Institute

He has an experience of 25+ years in these fields.
 
 

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Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurugram

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Dr. Hrishikesh D Pai

Director,

He has an experience of 25+ years in these fields.
 
 

Sector - 44, Opposite HUDA City Centre Gurgaon, Haryana - 122002, India

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Dr. Kishore Pandit

HOD IVF & Infertility
Jupiter Hospital Pune

Total 22 Years Experience in these fields

Dr. Kishore Pandit is an internationally reputed Gynaec, Laparoscopic Surgeon, and IVF specialist at Jupiter Hospital, Pune. ..
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Jupiter Hospital Pune, Pune

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Dr. Kishore Pandit

HOD IVF & Infertility,

Total 22 Years Experience in these fields

Near Prathamesh Park, Baner, Pimple Nilkh Road, Pune, Maharashtra, 411 045

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Dr. Nandita Palshetkar

Director
Fortis Memorial Research Institute

She has an experience of 23+ years in these fields.

Dr. Nandita Palshetkar has reached great heights and has made an enormous contribution to the field of ob-gy by achieving various noteworthy records throughout her..
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Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurugram

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Dr. Nandita Palshetkar

Director,

She has an experience of 23+ years in these fields.

Sector - 44, Opposite HUDA City Centre Gurgaon, Haryana - 122002, India

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Dr. Priya Varshney

Consultant
W Pratiksha Hospital

She has 9 years of experience in the field of surrogacy

Dr. Priya Varshney practices as a Consultant- IVF Specialist at W Pratiksha Hospital Gurgaon ..
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Dr. Priya Varshney

Consultant,

She has 9 years of experience in the field of surrogacy

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Dr. RICHA SINGH

Senior Consultant
Max Super Speciality Hospital,Saket

She has experience of 9 years in these fields.

Dr.Richa Singh practices as a Senior Consultant -IVF at Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket ..
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Max Super Speciality Hospital,Saket, New Delhi

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Dr. RICHA SINGH

Senior Consultant,

She has experience of 9 years in these fields.

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Dr. Shalini Chawla Khanna

Senior Consultant
Max Super Speciality Hospital,Saket

She has 15 years of experience in IVF,

Dr.Shalini Chawla practices as a Consultant-IVF at Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket ..
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Dr. Shalini Chawla Khanna

Senior Consultant,

She has 15 years of experience in IVF,

1, 2, Press Enclave Road, Mandir Marg, Saket, New Delhi, Delhi 110017

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Dr. Shalini Jain Nawal

Consultant
Sarvodaya Hospital and Research Centre

Dr. Shalini Jain Nawal practices as a Consultant -IVF & Fertility at Sarvodaya Hospital Research Centre ..
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Sarvodaya Hospital and Research Centre, faridabad

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Dr. Shalini Jain Nawal

Consultant,

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Dr. Soma Singh

Consultant - IVF & Infertility Treatment
BLK Super Speciality Hospital

Dr. Soma Singh is a leading name when it comes to speciality in IVF & infertility treatment in India. She has been widely acknowledged for her versatile and..
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BLK Super Speciality Hospital, Delhi

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Dr. Soma Singh

Consultant - IVF & Infertility Treatment,

BLK Super Speciality Hospital Pusa Road, New Delhi-110005

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Dr. Sowjanya Aggarwal

Principal Consultant
Max Super Speciality Hospital, Vaishali

10 years of experience in IVF and Laparoscopy

Dr.Sowjanya Aggarwal practices as a Consultant -IVF at Max Super Speciality Hospital vaishali & Patparganj ..
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Max Super Speciality Hospital, Vaishali, Ghaziabad

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Dr. Sowjanya Aggarwal

Principal Consultant,

10 years of experience in IVF and Laparoscopy

W-3 Sector-1, Vaishali, Pincode 201012 Ghaziabad, NCR India

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Dr. Surveen Ghumman

Director
Max Super Speciality Hospital, Patparganj

He has experience of 25 years in these fields.

Dr. Surveen has over 25 years of experience. She has been a faculty in prominent medical colleges of Delhi and was formerly Vice President Southend Fertility. ..
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Max Super Speciality Hospital, Patparganj, Delhi

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Dr. Surveen Ghumman

Director,

He has experience of 25 years in these fields.

108A, I.P.Extension, Patparganj, New Delhi, Delhi 110092

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Dr. Vaibhav Bhargava

Incharge MICU & ER
Eternal Hospital

Dr. Vaibhav Bhargava is a consultant in the department. ..
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Eternal Hospital, Jaipur

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Dr. Vaibhav Bhargava

Incharge MICU & ER,

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