Coronary Angioplasty also called percutaneous coronary intervention.Coronary Angioplasty is a procedure used to widen blocked or narrowed coronary arteries (the main blood vessels supplying the heart). The term "angioplasty" means using a tiny balloon catheter that is inserted in a blocked blood vessel to stretch open a narrowed or blocked artery.
Angioplasty is often mixed with the placement of a small wire mesh tube called a stent. The stent prop opens the artery and helps in decreasing its chance of narrowing.
The stent helps brace the artery open, reducing its chance of closing again. Most stents are covered with medicine to help keep your artery route open. Once in awhile, exposed metal stents might be utilized.
Schedule an appointment with your doctor if you have heart related symptoms and pain. For a healthy heart, consult your doctor.
Need for Coronary Angioplasty
Angioplasty can ameliorate the symptoms of blocked arteries, such as chest pain and shortness of breath. Angioplasty is also frequently used during a heart attack to quickly penetrate a blocked artery and reduce the amount of damage to your heart.
Angioplasty help in reforming the symptoms side of blocked arteries, for example, chest pain and shortness of breath. To reduce the amount of damage to the heart, Angioplasty is used during a heart attack.
Conditions when you may need angioplasty:
The heart requires a supply of blood that is supplied by the coronary arteries.The arteries can become narrowed and hardened (known as atherosclerosis), which results in coronary heart disease at old age.
Angina occurs by physical activity or stress when the flow of blood to the heart becomes restricted.
In severe cases, where medication is ineffective to treat angina, a coronary angioplasty may be required to restore the blood supply to the heart.
After a heart attack, coronary angioplasties are also used as an emergency treatment.
How a Coronary Angioplasty is performed
The doctor will apply a local anaesthetic and will numb the area for an incision. This means you will be observant while the procedure is carried out
The heart specialist (cardiologist) and a team of specialized cardiovascular nurses and technicians will perform this procedure. With the help of live X-rays, a thin, flexible tube called a catheter will be inserted into one of your arteries, in your groin, wrist, or arm.
After the catheter is placed by the surgeon, a small, thin guidewire is then inserted in the blood vessel. This wire delivers a small balloon to the concerned section of the artery. It is exercised to inflate and to widen the artery, so that blood can flow through it more freely when the deflated balloon is removed.
The catheter is removed after the artery is stretched and the balloon is deflated.
After the procedure
This procedure requires between 30 minutes and 2 hours. If the surgeon is treating you for angina, you will be able to go on the same day after you have the procedure. Your heart will be monitored, and your medications are adjusted. You will be able to return to work or your routine the week after Angioplasty.
However, if you've been admitted to the hospital following a heart attack, you may need to stay in the hospital for several days after the Angioplasty.
The doctor will advise you to drink plenty of fluids to help flush your body of the contrast dye. And to avoid strenuous exercise and to lift heavy objects for at least a day afterward.
How safe is Coronary Angioplasty?
Coronary Angioplasty is one of the safest and standard types of treatment for the heart. It is usually performed in people aged 65 or older, as they're more likely to have heart disease. Coronary Angioplasty is also referred to as a minimally invasive form of treatment because this procedure doesn't involve making significant incisions in the body.
The risk of any severe complications from a coronary angioplasty is generally minimal, but this depends on factors such as: