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What to Expect From Spine Surgery for Herniated Disc

Posted on 08/07/2020 by Finding Doc


There is a disc between each of the bones in your spine (the vertebrae). These discs act as shock absorbers and provide cushion to your bones. A herniated disc extends beyond the capsule containing it and nudges into the spinal canal. A herniated disc is most likely to occur in the lower back (lumbar vertebrae). For spine surgery treatment in Delhi, you should consult the best doctor.

An individual may suffer from herniated disc if they lift something heavy the wrong way or suddenly twist your spine. Overweight and Degeneration may also be experienced due to disease or ageing. Besides causing pain in your neck, shoulders, and arms, a herniated disc can lead to numbness, tingling, and weakness.

Surgery is usually not recommended until you’ve tried all other options. These options may include:

  • nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories
  • pain relievers
  • exercise or physical therapy
  • steroid injections
  • rest

If these are ineffective and you have persistent pain that is interfering with your quality of life, for spine surgery treatment in Gurgaon, there are several surgical options.

Before surgery

You should consult a qualified spine (orthopedic or neurosurgical) surgeon when considering surgery. Your surgeon may likely order imaging tests, which may include:

  • X-ray: To give clear pictures of your vertebrae and joints.
  • Computed tomography (CT/CAT scan): Doctor will get detailed images of the spinal canal and surrounding structures.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): Doctor will observe 3-D images of the spinal cord and nerve roots and the discs themselves
  • Electromyography or nerve conduction studies (EMG/NCS): These assess electrical impulses along nerves and muscles.

These tests will help determine your spine surgery treatment in Noida.

Types of surgery for herniated disc

The doctor may recommend the following surgeries by gathering medical information. Some person may require may also require a combination of surgeries.

Laminotomy/laminectomy

In a laminotomy, for Spinal Surgery Treatment, a surgeon makes an opening in the vertebral arch (lamina) to relieve pressure on your nerve roots. With the aid of a microscope, this procedure is performed through a small incision. Sometimes, the lamina is also removed.

Discectomy/microdiscectomy

This is the most common surgery in the lumbar region for a herniated disc. The surgeon removes the portion of the disc that is causing the pressure on your nerve root. Sometimes, the entire disc is removed.

When possible, for spinal surgery treatment, your surgeon will use a smaller incision and specialized instruments to achieve the same results by implementing a less invasive procedure called a microdiscectomy.

Artificial disc surgery

This surgery is usually performed for a single disc when the problem is in the lower back. The doctor may not recommend it if you have arthritis or osteoporosis or when more than one disc shows Degeneration. The surgeon creates an incision in your abdomen and replaces the damaged with an artificial disc made from plastic and metal.

Spinal fusion

For this spinal surgery treatment, two or more vertebrae are permanently fused. This procedure will permanently immobilize that portion of your spine by providing additional support through metal or plastic screws and rods. Bone grafts is also conducted from another part of your body or a donor.

Risks and what to expect after surgery

All spinal surgeries may have risks, including bleeding, infection, and nerve damage. There is a risk of the disc rupturing again. You may also develop problems with other discs if you suffer from degenerative disc disease.

The doctor will advise you on when you can resume your normal activities. In some cases, after surgery, physical therapy may be necessary. You should follow the given specific discharge instructions for faster recovery.