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Glioblastoma: Get Treated For Aggressive Form of Brain Tumour

Posted on 08/06/2020 by Finding Doc

Glioblastoma, also known as glioblastoma multiforme, is a very aggressive brain tumour. Glioblastoma is from a group of tumours called astrocytomas. Glioblastoma starts from cells called astrocytes — star-shaped cells that nourish and support nerve cells (neurons) in your brain. However, a glioblastoma comprises of many different types of brain cells — including dead brain cells. About 12 to 15 percent of people with brain tumours have glioblastomas, which is the cause of worsening headaches, nausea, vomiting and seizures.

For brain tumor treatment in Delhi, you should visit the best oncologists or neurologists for the best treatment.

What is Grade 4 Astrocytoma?

Glioblastomas are sometimes referred to as grade 4 astrocytoma tumours. Tumours are classified on a scale from 1 to 4 based on how different they look from normal cells. The grade indicates how quickly the tumour is likely to grow and spread. When the doctor terms it as a grade 4 tumour, it is usually referred to as the most aggressive and fastest-growing type. This tumour can spread throughout your brain very fast.

Types of glioblastoma

There are two types of glioblastoma:

  • Primary (de novo) is the most common type and also the most aggressive type of glioblastoma.
  • Secondary glioblastoma is rare and slower growing. This form of tumour begins from a lower-grade, less aggressive astrocytoma. Usually, people experiencing this form of cancer are aged 45 or younger.

Glioblastomas usually develop in the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. They can also be found in the cerebellum, brain stem, other parts of the brain, and the spinal cord.

For brain tumor treatment in Gurgaon, the specialist will observe the symptoms and then diagnose the brain tumour accordingly.

Glioblastoma symptoms

Glioblastoma symptoms begin to show when it presses on parts of your brain. If the tumour isn’t very large, you may not even experience symptoms. The s symptoms will depend on where in your brain the tumour is located.

Symptoms can include:

  • headaches
  • nausea and vomiting
  • sleepiness
  • weakness on any side of your body
  • memory loss
  • problems with speech and language
  • personality and mood changes
  • muscle weakness
  • double vision or blurred vision
  • loss of appetite
  • seizures

Diagnosis For Glioblastoma

For brain tumour Treatment, the doctor may conduct the following tests.

  • Neurological exam: During a neurological exam, your doctor may ask you about your signs and symptoms and may check your vision, balance, hearing, coordination, strength and reflexes. If there is some problem in one or more of these areas, it may confirm the possibility and give clues about the part of your brain that could be affected by a brain tumour.
  • Imaging tests: With the help of imaging tests, the doctor may determine the location and size of your brain tumour.
  • Other imaging tests may involve CT and positron emission tomography (PET).
  • Removing a sample of tissue for testing (biopsy): The doctor may remove your glioblastoma, depending on your particular situation and the location of your tumour to determine the types of cells and their level of aggressiveness.

Glioblastoma Treatments

Glioblastoma are usually hard to treat because it grows quickly. This brain tumour has finger-like projections that are hard to remove with surgery. These tumours also comprise of many different types of cells. For brain tumor treatment in Noida, visit the best specialist to determine your treatment.

Treatment for glioblastoma usually includes:

  • surgery which will help remove the tumour
  • radiation to kill any leftover cancer cells
  • chemotherapy

Other drugs that may be used for brain tumour treatment include:

  • bevacizumab (Avastin)
  • polifeprosan 20 with carmustine implant (Gliadel)
  • lomustine (Ceenu)

Other new brain treatments include:

  • immunotherapy — boosting your own body’s immune system to kill cancer cells
  • gene therapy — fixing or replacing damaged genes to treat cancer
  • stem cell therapy — using early cells called stem cells to treat cancer
  • vaccine therapy — It will strengthen your body’s immune system to fight off cancer
  • personalized medicine — also called targeted therapy