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Advancements in Cancer Treatment

Posted on 08/05/2020 by Finding Doc


Different types of cancer require different treatments. The Doctor will determine the type of cancer you have and how advanced it is. Some people with cancer have only one treatment, whereas most people have a combination of treatments. Cancer treatment has changed with the recent advancements. We will look at the various leaps taken in the cancer treatment.

1. Personalized or Precision Medicine

According to research, cancer in one person doesn't always behave the same way in another person. Personalized or precision medicine enables doctors to tailor cancer treatment to a person's tumor. For cancer treatment in Delhi, doctors decide which treatment is likely to work best on the gene changes, or "mutations," that are unique to the tumor. As researchers learn more about the gene changes, targeted therapy treatment can be developed.

2. Targeted Treatments

Targeted therapy acts on things like proteins, genes, and blood vessels that help cancer cells grow and spread. If you go for cancer treatment in Noida, the doctors will match targeted treatments to your tumor, which may work better than other cancer options, with fewer side effects. This cancer treatment is different from chemotherapy because chemo acts on all fast-growing cells.

3. Immunotherapy

This cancer treatment in Gurgaon helps your body's own defenses -- your immune system to find and attack cancer cells the same way it attacks bacteria and viruses.

The main types used are:

  • Monoclonal antibodies: Monoclonal are man-made versions of antibodies that send out a signal to tell other immune cells to launch an attack. These proteins, like antibodies, are designed in the lab to target specific antigens found on cancer cells.
  • Checkpoint inhibitors: Cancer cells hide behind the body's substances called checkpoints. These cells determine whether the element is friendly or not. Inhibitor helps in cancer treatment by finding these cancer cells so your immune system can find and attack cancer cells.
  • Cancer vaccines: With regular vaccines, your body can fight off diseases like mumps or measles. With cancer vaccines, the body can fight to prevent cancer.
  • Cytokines: Cytokines help boost your immune system's response against cancer. These proteins inhibit the growth and activity of immune cells. For example, Interferons, jump-start cancer-fighting immune cells, whereas Interleukin help immune cells talk to each other
  • CAR T-cell therapy: To defend your body against viruses and other invaders, the immune system has an army of fighter cells called T cells. This cancer treatment helps T cells attack cancer more effectively. The Doctor will remove T cells from your blood and change the genes in the cells. The T cells will be put back in your body, which aids in finding and destroying cancer cells.

Radiation Therapy

Newer types of treatment are being utilized to kills cancer cells with intense beams of energy.

These radiation treatments include:

  • Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT): The highest dose of radiation is aimed precisely at the affected area. This will help in getting the highest dose of radiation to cancer, to prevent the least damage to healthy tissue nearby.
  • Image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT): For cancer treatment in Noida, Doctor uses imaging scans like an MRI or CT to focus the laser on the area to be treated. This therapy well for areas of your body that move, like the lungs or liver.
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS): For tumors in your brain and spine, this treatment delivers a high dose of radiation to a small area.
  • Proton therapy: An intense burst of energy which uses protons, is used to kill cancer cells.

Chemotherapy

Doctors combine one or more anti-cancer drugs as part of standardized chemotherapy to kill cancer cells more easily. Chemotherapy is a leading cancer treatment. More advancements have been shown to help get the medicine to the cancer cells more easily.

Robot-Assisted Surgery

To remove cancer cells by using surgery, Doctor also uses robots for operations as a cancer treatment. The Doctor will insert tools and cameras into small cuts in your body. By using the robotic arms with hand and foot controls, the Doctor gets a good image of the inside of the body. Robotics arms are more precise than the surgeon's hands and can also reach hard-to-get-to body parts. This cancer treatment reduces blood loss during the procedure and pain afterward.