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Cancer is a life-threatening disease marked by the abnormal growth and multiplication of unhealthy and cancerous cells that gradually replace all the healthy cells of the body, leading to organ failure and ultimately death. Being detected with cancer can be really tormenting not only for the patients but also for their loved ones.
Earlier there was no cure to cancer and patients detected with it would have no hope left, however with the advent of new techniques and cutting edge technology, it has now become possible to treat cancer patients and give them a chance to live a normal and happy life with their loved ones. Cancer originates in a specific part of your body and spreads to all the other parts through the bloodstream via a process known as metastasis.
As per the best oncology doctors in Gurgaon, it is very much possible to completely treat cancer in the initial stages, whereas during the later stages, complete treatment is not usually possible and treatment is directed towards adding some more years to the patient’s life. You can find some of the top oncology doctors hailing from Gurgaon, Delhi, Noida and other parts of India on Finding Doc.
Some of the very popular treatment options available in all the best cancer treatment hospitals in India are as under:
Surgery aims at the removal of the affected body part or organ where the cancer cells have grown beyond control. Sometimes only a part of the organ is removed whereas in some other cases, the complete organ is removed and replaced. Surgery is one of the earliest methods of treatment.
The surgery can be performed using two different approaches, open-surgery and minimally invasive surgery, depending upon the size of the tumour and the area of the organ that is affected. A lot of people prefer to undergo cancer removal surgery in Gurgaon owing to the un-paralleled services offered here.
Surgery helps to ease the cancer symptom and gives the patients a better chance at life however, it comes with certain risks that include pain and infection.
Before initiating the surgery, your doctor will conduct certain tests and screening to determine a proper protocol to be followed and will perform the surgery accordingly.
Your doctor will briefly explain the whole procedure to you.
Chemotherapy or chemical therapy is a medical procedure that aggressively destroys cancer cells by the use of certain chemicals after evaluating your cancer. The type of therapy undertaken depends upon the stage of cancer as well as the location of the malignant cell. Chemotherapy is recommended to patients both before and after the surgery.
Chemotherapy helps to:
Since the procedure is quite aggressive, patients undergoing chemotherapy are likely to experience symptoms like:
Radiation therapy involves the use of intense radiation beams to target cancerous cells. These radiations are either directed from the outside or emitted by a radioactive material placed inside the patient’s body.
Radiation therapy is performed before the surgery to reduce the size of the tumour, thereby making it easier to remove it surgically and also after the surgery to kill all the malignant cells that were left intact. Radiation therapy also helps to reduce the symptoms to a great extent.
Major risks associated with radiation therapy include:
Bone marrow transplant
Bone marrow transplant is a highly specialised procedure that involves the replacement of damaged bone marrow with healthy stem cells that trigger the growth of healthy bone marrow. The stem cells are either taken from the patient himself or an HLA identical donor. This is especially helpful for treating the patients suffering from blood and bone-related cancer.
Commonly known as biologic therapy in the medical world, immunotherapy is a procedure that aims at boosting the patient’s immune system. It is performed in ways by using immune checkpoint inhibitors, T-cell transfer therapy, treatment vaccines and immune system modulators. The therapy is usually performed intravenously or orally.
Hormonal therapy, also known as endocrine therapy, aims at altering (adding, blocking or removing) certain hormones to slow down or completely stop the growth of cancerous cells. The therapy can be given surgically or via radiation.